All of us have been guilty of poor oral health that eventually led to cavities at least once in our lives. Cavities are the most common dental problem faced by millions of people. It is caused when plaque accumulates in your mouth. The acidic nature of plaque tends to corrode the tooth enamel causing a cavity. Cavity symptoms vary depending on their extent. You may not know if you have a cavity when it first develops, however as it grows you may experience any of the following symptoms.
A cavity weakens the tooth. Corrosion of the protective tooth enamel exposes the tooth to harmful bacteria. If you experience a persistent toothache, it might be a sign of a developing cavity. The pain may occur on the surface level or deep inside the tooth, depending on the severity of the cavity. Moreover, if you experience pain while chewing, you might have a severe cavity. The tooth pain may be sharp or dull, either way it may be a sign you have a cavity.
A growing cavity can affect nerves in your teeth, exposing them to changes in temperatures. This causes teeth sensitivity to hot or cold food and beverages, making eating or drinking an unpleasant experience. If you experience a strong sensitivity, you must consult a dentist to get it checked for cavities.
Poor oral hygiene results in bacteria buildup in the mouth. The bacteria, combined with food particles and saliva, forms plaque. The sticky white substance, plaque, is normal unless it stays on your teeth for several days. The stuck up plaque hardens within days to form tartar, which then reacts with the bacteria to penetrate your teeth, forming a cavity. This process sometimes results in visible symptoms in the form of holes. If you confront discomfort or pain, check for holes and visit the dentist to get them treated.
Cavities may also appear as spots or stains on your teeth. An enlarged cavity may infect the tooth roots, which may appear as a stain on your teeth. Black, brown or white stains are often signs of a tooth cavity. If you sense a spot is sticky or soft, it may also be a symptom of growing cavity. While such stains can be natural ones, it is best to get it examined by a dentist.
Swelling of Gums
An enlarged cavity can make the root nerves sick or die, which results in the swelling of the gums. While it is a sign of cavity, it may not be painful. Moreover, cavities can cause gum irritation from a damaged nerve. Recurrent bleeding while brushing is also a sign of a deep cavity. If you spot a swelling in gums or recurrent gum bleeding, you must see a dentist immediately.
Cavities must not be left untreated as it can cause several dental issues, and may even result in loss of the tooth. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and regular dental checkups reduce the risk of cavities. However, if you spot any of the symptoms, you must consult a dentist to known if you have a cavity and get it treated.